Amazon has received a lot of publicity for its latest home-delivery innovation in the US. Prime customers with compatible digital locks can now have packages delivered directly to the boot of their parked car. As with most things Amazon, the move has attracted positive and negative reviews.
- Evan Schuman of Computerworld believes this “is not a good idea”, citing security risks from thieves breaking into the car boot.
- James McQuivey of Forrester was enthusiastic, saying "this goes back to one-click ordering. The company knows that the less friction you have, the better."
Faced with these conflicting opinions, how might we assess whether in-car delivery is a gimmick or a game-changing innovation? I will illustrate this question using a framework I have developed based on two keys for successful delivery innovation – customer convenience and retailer costs (see matrix below).
The horizontal axis categorises a delivery innovation according to its impact on customer convenience:
- On the right side are innovations which make life more convenient for some or all customers.
- On the left side are innovations which either have no impact or make life less convenient.
The vertical axis categorises a delivery innovation according to its impact on retailer costs:
- A lower cost innovation improves the retailer’s efficiency.
- A higher cost innovation pushes up the retailer’s cost of operations
Any new delivery innovation will fall into one of the four quadrants. How do they compare?
- A bottom-left quadrant innovation is guaranteed to be unsuccessful since both the customer and the retailer are worse off.
- A bottom-right quadrant innovation may be successful if the customer is willing to pay more for the improvement than it costs the retailer to offer it. An example: introducing a same-day delivery option for a premium price.
- A top-left quadrant innovation may be successful if the customer is willing to trade-off lower price for reduced convenience. An example: Coles Online offers customers an extended six-hour delivery slot for a reduced delivery fee.
- A top-right quadrant innovation is guaranteed to be successful, since both customer and retailer are better off.
I believe in-car delivery is a top-right quadrant innovation – guaranteed to be successful - and will evolve into a completely new class of delivery option. Why do I say that?
- From the customer’s perspective, the car boot is a de facto delivery locker. It reduces the need to be physically present to take a delivery. It also potentially eliminates the chance of a failed delivery (aka being “carded”).
- From the retailer’s perspective, the ability to deliver to the car boot increases the chances of a successful first-time delivery. As most courier companies know, failed deliveries are often the biggest cause of wasted time and effort.
And what of the security concerns? Without wishing to downplay these, it is not too hard to imagine some simple steps that will reduce the risk, for example by capping the value of in-car deliveries or increasing the security features of car boots. By reducing the need to leave deliveries in porches, in-car deliveries may even improve security.
And for Australia? Although Amazon Prime is not yet live, I believe this innovation has huge potential for our market because the 11% failure rate of deliveries is much higher than that of most other countries. Sign me up please Jeff!
Note: This blog was first published on Internet Retailing